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Google Maps Privacy: The Street View & Wifi Scorecard

google maps privacy scorecard

It seems not a week goes by without news of a new investigation into Google’s
Street View service, or into Google’s collection of personal data via unencrypted
WiFi networks that occurred over three years as Street View vehicles drove the
world’s streets. It seems like one country opens an investigation just as another
country ends theirs. Some countries have multiple investigations open. Or closed.

You need a scorecard to keep track of it all. So, we decided to make one. Below
is a list of investigations that we’re aware of — a list we’ll update as new
developments warrant or as we learn about new information we’ve missed. There
are two different types of investigations that are most commonly launched:

  • investigations into Street View itself, the service where Google vehicles
    take photos in towns and cities around the world and put them online in Google
    Maps
  • investigations into Google’s collection of personal data over unsecured
    WiFi networks that occurred via Street View vehicles

We have two separate tables below, one for each kind of investigation, followed
by a timeline of important events related to these investigations. Based on
our count, there are close to two dozen countries and governmental organizations
that have investigated — or are still investigating — these issues. Some have
concluded that Google broke national laws but, to date, none have fined or penalized
Google.

These charts have been updated as of: April 17, 2012.

Google Street View Photography Investigations

Country Opened Resolved?
Canada Google satisfied concerns by developing image blurring technology.
Czech
Republic
December 2009 Street View resumed in February 2012 after Google concessions.
European
Union
early 2010 Google refused to reduce photo storage from 12 to six months.
Germany early 2009 Google satisfied concerns by developing image blurring technology and
allowing
residents to request photo removal
before Street View launched in October,
2010. A German court ruled Street View legal, but Google has since announced that it’s not taking new photographs in Germany.
Greece Google has agreed to suspend Street View photography while investigation
continues.
Italy Google required to mark Street View cars and pre-announce driving itineraries.
Japan Google agreed to lower height of cameras and re-shoot all photos taken
in the country.
Poland 2009 Privacy officials have approved Street View. Google will reportedly drive and photograph five cities: Warsaw, Wroclaw, Poznan, Gdansk and Krakow. The imagery is expected to be available in early 2012.
Switzerland August 2009 A Swiss court recently demanded 100% anonymity in Street View photographs. Google is appealing the decision and says it will have to shut down Street View in Switzerland if the current decision stands.
United
Kingdom
March 2009 Google found to not be violating privacy laws.

Although there was no formal US investigation into Street View photography,
the service did face opposition in certain towns. For example: Residents of
North Oaks, Minnesota, protested and Google agreed
to remove all photos
of the private town.

WiFi Data Collection Investigations

Country Opened Resolved?
Australia May 2010 Privacy Commissioner finds Google broke law, but issued no penalties.
A police investigation was dropped after finding that Google “may have” broken the law because the likelihood of a successful conviction was “considered to be low.”
Austria May 2010 Yes; officials have given Google the green light to resume Street View photography, but Google says it has no plans to offer the service in Austria.
Belgium April 2011 No
Canada June 2010 Investigation essentially over; Google has Feb. 1, 2011, deadline to delete
all personal data it collected.
Czech
Republic
May 2010 No
Denmark As requested, Google has deleted the data it collected in Denmark.
France May 2010 Yes; Google fined EUR 100,000 – the first fine any country/body has levied against Google
Germany May 2010 No
Hong
Kong
May 2010 Yes; Google not fined/punished.
Hungary June 2010 No
Ireland As requested, Google has deleted the data it collected in Ireland.
Italy Oct. 2010 No
The Netherlands Yes; Google not fined/punished. But officials still debating related issues with Google.
New
Zealand
May 2010 Police have ruled that Google broke no laws, but the Privacy Commissioner
is believed to be investigating still.
Singapore June 2010 No
Spain
(AEPD)
May 2010 Fines are expected.
Spain
(APEDANICA)
May 2010 No
South
Korea
Aug. 2010 No; South Korean police have determined that Google acted illegally in collecting personal data, but interviews are continuing.
United
Kingdom
Oct. 2010 Yes; Google not fined/punished.
United States May 2010 The FTC ended
its investigation
without penalty. The FCC cleared Google of any legal wrongdoing, but fined the company $25,000 for not cooperating with the investigation.
40 U.S. States June 2010 No; both sides are still negotiating.

The dates listed above represent our best attempt to determine when actual
investigations began; in some cases, various public or private groups may have
raised concerns prior to actual investigations taking place.

In addition to the investigations above, eight class action lawsuits have been
consolidated
in Northern California federal court; more are expected to be added.

Google WiFi Data Collection Timeline

May 2007: Google launches
Street View
in five U.S. cities. Photos are collected by cars driving around
with camera equipment attached to the roof. The code that collects and stores
personal data found on unencrypted WiFi networks is part of the default software
install on Street View cars since
the beginning
of the service. Street View has expanded and now covers
more than 30 countries
.

April 23, 2010: Germany privacy officials were the first
to reveal
that Google’s Street View cars were also mapping WiFi networks.

April 27, 2010: Google announced
that it was not collecting any "payload" (i.e., personal) information
via its Street View cars.

May 5, 2010: Data protection authorities in Germany asked
to audit the data that Google had been collecting.

May 7, 2010: Google grounded
its Street View cars
(and stopped the data harvesting) when it learned that
personal information had been collected.

May 14, 2010: Based on the German review, Google publicly
corrected its April 27th statement
and admitted that Street View cars had
been collecting personal information since 2007.

July 19 and 20, 2010: Canadian privacy officials visited Google’s
Mountain View headquarters as part of that country’s investigation. Their detailed
report
reveals that Google had collected e-mail addresses, e-mails (with
usernames and passwords, home addresses, phone numbers, and more). A French
report revealed similar information about what Google collected.

October 22, 2010: Google announced
several changes
to its internal privacy practices, admitted that it had
captured "entire emails and URLs … as well as passwords," and said
the company is "mortified by what happened."

For more background, see our Google:
Street View articles archive
.

(Compiled with assistance from Aqute.com’s Google
vs.the world
map and EPIC.org’s Investigations
of Google Street View
material.)


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